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Campus Sexual Violence: Statistics

Women Ages 18-24 Are at an Elevated Risk of Sexual Violence

Sexual violence on campus is pervasive.

  • 13% of all students experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation (among all graduate and undergraduate students).2

  • Among graduate and professional students, 9.7% of females and 2.5% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation.2

  • Among undergraduate students, 26.4% of females and 6.8% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation.2

  • 5.8% of students have experienced stalking since entering college.2

Student or not, college-age adults are at high risk for sexual violence.

  • Male college-aged students (18-24) are 78% more likely than non-students of the same age to be a victim of rape or sexual assault.1

  • Female college-aged students (18-24) are 20% less likely than non-students of the same age to be a victim of rape or sexual assault.1


Sexual Violence Is More Prevalent at College, Compared to Other Crimes

  • About 1 in 5 college-aged female survivors received assistance from a victim services agency.2

  • 23.1% of TGQN (transgender, genderqueer, nonconforming) college students have been sexually assaulted.2


College-Age Victims of Sexual Violence Often Do Not Report to

Law Enforcement

Because this study allowed victims to cite more than one reason for not reporting to law enforcement, this statistic may not total 100%.

  • Only 20% of female student victims, age 18-24, report to law enforcement.1

  • Only 32% of nonstudent females the same age do make a report.1

Sexual Violence May Occur at a Higher Rate at Certain Times of the Year

  • More than 50% of college sexual assaults occur in either August, September, October, or November.4

  • Students are at an increased risk during the first few months of their first and second semesters in college.4

Campus Law Enforcement Has a Significant Role in Addressing and Responding to College Sexual Assault

  • 86% of sworn campus law enforcement officials have legal authority to make an arrest outside of the campus grounds.5

  • 86% of sworn campus law enforcement agencies have a staff member responsible for rape prevention programming.5

  • 70% of campus law enforcement agencies have memorandums of understanding (MOUs) with local law enforcement.5

  • 72% of campus law enforcement agencies have a staff member responsible for survivor response and assistance.5

  • Among 4-year academic institutions with 2,500 students or more, 75% employ armed officers, a 10% increase in the last decade.5


Sources:

  1. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Rape and Sexual Victimization Among College-Aged Females, 1995-2013 (2014).

  2. David Cantor, Bonnie Fisher, Susan Chibnall, Reanna Townsend, et. al. Association of American Universities (AAU), Report on the AAU Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct (January 17, 2020). ("Victim services agency” is defined in this study as a “public or privately funded organization that provides victims with support and services to aid their recovery, offer protection, guide them through the criminal justice process, and assist with obtaining restitution.” RAINN presents this data for educational purposes only, and strongly recommends using the citations to review any and all sources for more information and detail.)

  3. i. National Crime Victimization Survey, 1995-2013 (2015); ii. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Rape and Sexual Victimization Among College-Aged Females, 1995-2013 (2014).

  4. Campus Sexual Assault Study, 2007; Matthew Kimble, Andrada Neacsiu, et. Al, Risk of Unwanted Sex for College Women: Evidence for a Red Zone, Journal of American College Health (2008).

  5. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Campus Law Enforcement, 2011-2012 (2015).

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